What is ping
Ping is one of the most useful tool for network Administrators, that is used to check if a host is reachable on an IP Network. Ping is a command line tool which is exists almost on any computer.
It operates by sending ICMP ( Internet Control Message Protocol ) "echo request" packets to the target device and waits for ICMP response, if it received ICMP response packets then means that the target device is accessible and alive but some devices are blocking this kind of packets so is impossible to determine if this device is accessible by using this tool. Ping also measures the time which takes the packet to go to the target and come back, this is called round-trip time and indicates the latency of the route which has the packet follow.
You can use ping tool to check if your computer has internet access by pinging a device on Internet eg the google's web server.
Open the Command Prompt:
Type the following command:
If your internet connection is ok you will get something similar to the following
Microsoft Windows XP [Version 5.1.2600] (C) Copyright 1985-2001 Microsoft Corp.
C:\Documents and Settings\what-ipaddress>ping www.google.com Pinging www.google.com [18.104.22.168] with 32 bytes of data: Reply from 22.214.171.124: bytes=32 time=67ms TTL=44 Reply from 126.96.36.199: bytes=32 time=67ms TTL=44 Reply from 188.8.131.52: bytes=32 time=69ms TTL=44 Reply from 184.108.40.206: bytes=32 time=67ms TTL=44 Ping statistics for 220.127.116.11: Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss), Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 67ms, Maximum = 69ms, Average = 67ms
Otherwise you will see a "Request timed out" or "Destination host unreachable" message.